Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) is a standardized test to measure the English language ability of non-native speakers wishing to enroll in English-speaking universities overseas for an undergraduate or postgraduate program. The test is accepted by many English-speaking academic and professional institutions globally and is also recognized all across the world for immigration purposes. TOEFL is one of the two major English-language tests in the world, the other being the IELTS test.
Like other English language tests, TOEFL also does not have any minimum pass marks criteria. The test assesses the reading, writing, speaking and listening abilities of a candidate for English language. The duration of the test is approximately 3 to 4 hours.
The four segments of TOEFL are –
- Reading – The Reading section has questions on 3-4 passages, each of 700 words in length. Candidates have to answer questions about main ideas, details, inferences, essential information, sentence insertion, vocabulary, rhetorical purpose and overall ideas. New types of questions in the TOEFL iBT test require filling out tables or completing summaries. Prior knowledge of the subject is not required to answer the questions correctly.
- Listening – The Listening section has questions on 6-9 passages, each 3–5 minutes in length. These passages include two student conversations and four academic lectures or discussions. Each conversation and lecture passage is heard only once. Test-takers may take notes while they listen and they fair them out later. The questions are meant to measure the ability to understand main ideas, important details, implications, and relationships between ideas, organization of information, speaker purpose and attitude.
- Speaking – The Speaking section has six tasks: two independent and four integrated. In the two independent tasks, candidates answer opinion questions on familiar topics. They are evaluated on their ability to speak spontaneously and convey their ideas clearly and coherently. In two of the integrated tasks, candidates read a short passage, listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and answer a question by combining information from the text and the talk. In the two remaining integrated tasks, candidates listen to an academic course lecture or a conversation about campus life and then respond to a question based on what they heard. The responses are digitally recorded, sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network (OSN), and evaluated by three to six raters.
- Writing – The Writing section assesses a candidate’s ability to write in an academic setting and it consists of two tasks: one integrated and one independent. In the integrated task, candidates read a passage on an academic topic and then listen to a speaker discuss it. The candidate then writes a summary about the important points in the listening passage and explains how these relate to the key points of the reading passage. In the independent task, the candidate must write an essay that states their opinion or choice, and then explain it. Responses are sent to the ETS OSN and evaluated by at least 3 different raters.
The TOEFL is an internet based test. Pen and paper are used only in situations where there is a problem related to computer and internet access. The results of TOEFL exam are valid for 2 years from the test date.
It is advisable to prepare well before appearing for the exam. For further detail on fee, coaching and test booking procedure please get in touch with our process experts.